pk彩票

pk彩票>检索页>当前

如何认识疫情下的留学形势

——周洪宇谈应对西方发达国家留学政策突变之策

发布时间:2020-08-05 作者:刘晓蕾 曹喆 来源:神州学人

p24.jpg

JIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGSHIWOGUOGAIGEKAIFANGSHIYEDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。ZHONGGONGSHIBADAYILAI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDUIJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGGONGZUOZUOCHUYIXILIEZHONGYAOZHISHIPISHI。RIQIAN,《JIAOYUBUDENGBABUMENGUANYUJIAKUAIHEKUODAXINSHIDAIJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGDEYIJIAN》YINFA,DUIWOGUOXINSHIDAIJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGJINXINGLEXINDEBUSHU,QUEDINGLEJIAKUAIHEKUODAJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGDEZONGJIDIAO,ZHONGSHENJIANGJIXUTONGGUOCHUGUOLIUXUEQUDAOPEIYANGWOGUOXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEXUYAODEGELEIRENCAI,CHUGUOLIUXUEGONGZUOYEJIANGYINGLAIXINDEFAZHAN。

XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGFASHENGYILAI,YIMEIGUOWEISHOUDEBUFENXIFANGFADAGUOJIALIUXUEZHENGCERIQUSHOUJIN,QIEBUDUANFANFU,YINQIGUOJISHEHUIGUANGFANGUANZHU。CHUGUOLIUXUEGONGZUOSHIJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGGONGZUODEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,RUHELIXINGPANDUANDANGQIANGUOJIXINGSHI?RUHERENSHIYIQINGBEIJINGXIACHUGUOLIUXUEDEZONGTIXINGSHI?RUHEYINGDUIXIFANGFADAGUOJIALIUXUEZHENGCEDETUBIAN?JIUSHANGSHUXIANGGUANWENTI,BENKANJIZHECAIFANGLEJINNIANLAIZAILIUXUEGONGZUOYANJIUFANGMIANLVYOUCHENGGUOWENSHIDEZHONGGUOJIAOYUXUEHUIFUHUIZHANG、HUAZHONGSHIFANDAXUEJIAOSHOU、ZHANGJIANGJIAOYUYANJIUYUANYUANZHANGZHOUHONGYU。

您认为,受新冠肺炎疫情影响,国际形势发生了哪些变化?如何理解世界处于百年未有之大变局?

YIQINGZAIQUANQIUMANYANYILAI,MEIGUODENGXIFANGFADAGUOJIADEYIXIEZHENGKEHEMEITI,WEITUIXIEFANGKONGBULIDEZEREN,JIEJINHUNXIAOSHITINGZHINENGSHI,JILIZHIZAOHUANGYANHEKONGHUANG,DASIXUANRANQISHIHEPIANJIAN,BUDUANDUIWOGUOJINXING“WUMINGHUA”,QITUMOHEI、“SHUAIGUO”ZHONGGUO,ZHIZAODUIWOGUOBULIDEGUOJIHUANJING,YEWEIGUOJIGUANXIMENGSHANGCENGCENGYINYING。

pk彩票MIANDUIDANGQIANCUOZONGFUZADEGUOJIXINGSHI,JIBUNENGMANGMUZIDA,YEBUNENGBUZHISUOCUO。BAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJUBINGBUSHIQIANGDIAOBIANJUSHIBAINIANYIYUDE,ERSHIZHIJINGLILEBAINIANDEFAZHANYUYANBIAN,GUOJISHEHUICHUXIANLEYIZHONGZHONGDADIAOZHENGDEKENENG。ZHEIZHONGBIANHUASHIJUEDUIDE,YESHIXIANGDUIDE,SHIZAIBIANYUBUBIANDEXIANGHUBIJIAOZHONGBEISHIBIECHULAIDE。BIANYUBUBIANBINGCUN,RENGRANSHIDANGJINSHIJIEXINGSHIDEZHUYAOXINGTAI。

pk彩票ZHONGGONGSHIJIUDABAOGAOZHICHU,SHIJIEZHENGCHUYUDAFAZHANDABIANGEDADIAOZHENGSHIQI,HEPINGYUFAZHANRENGRANSHISHIDAIZHUTI。ZHEISHIZAIDUISHIDAIQUSHIHESHIJIEXINGSHIJINXINGQUANMIANSHENKEFENXIJICHUSHANGDECHUDEKEXUELUNDUAN,YEWEIZHONGGUOHEPINGFAZHANTIGONGLEGENBENDEQIANTITIAOJIANHEXIANSHIKENENGXING,SHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRUXINSHIDAIDEGENBENWAIBUTIAOJIAN。ZHENGQUERENSHIHEBAWOSHIDAIZHUTI,SHIGEGUOZHENGFUZHIDINGGUONEIWAIGEZHONGZHENGCEDEJIBENYIJU,YOUGUANYIGUODEZHANLVEQUANJUHEGUOJIMINSHENG。TONGYANG,SHUNYINGSHIDAICHAOLIU,RENQINGSHIDAIZHUTI,SHIWOGUOZHIDINGGUONEIFAZHANZHANLVEHEWAIJIAOZHANLVEDEJIBENCHUFADIAN,YESHIDANGDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANDEZHONGYAOJINGYANZHIYI。

pk彩票SHUSHINIANLAI,JINGUANGUOJIXINGSHIFENGYUNBIANHUAN,DANHEPINGYUFAZHANDESHIDAIZHUTIMEIYOUBIAN,GUOJISHEHUIDEZHULIUSUQIUBUSHIZHANZHENG,ERSHIMOUHEPING、QIUFAZHAN、CUHEZUO。YINCI,YAOBAWOLISHIFAZHANGUILV,SHUNYINGSHIDAIFAZHANCHAOLIU,JIJICANYUQUANQIUZHILITIXIGAIGEHEJIANSHE,FANDUIDANBIANZHUYIHEBAQUANZHUYI,JIANCHIDUOBIANZHUYIHEGUOJIGUANXIMINZHUHUA,WEIGOUJIANXINXINGGUOJIGUANXI、GOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIBUDUANZHURUZHENGNENGLIANG。

DANGRAN,WOMENJIYAOKENDINGHEPINGYUFAZHANDESHIDAIZHUTIMEIYOUFASHENGGENBENXINGGAIBIAN,YOUYAOKANDAOHEPINGYUFAZHANDEBEIJINGYUNEIHANQUESHIYUGUOQUYOUHENDABUTONG,JIYAOKANDAOBUBIANDEYIMIAN,YEYAOKANDAOBIANDEYIMIAN。

pk彩票JUBAODAO,YOUMEIFANGRENSHIRENWEI,MEIZHONGLIANGGUOZHIJIANYOUKENENGCHUXIANJINGJIHEJINRONGTUOGOU,TELANGPUSHENGCHENGMEIGUOBAOLIUYUZHONGGUOWANQUANTUOGOUDEZHENGCEXUANXIANG。NINRUHEKANDAIMEIGUODENGXIFANGFADAGUOJIADUIWAIZHANLVEDEBIANHUA?

ZAIYIQINGQUANQIUMANYANBEIJINGXIA,“GUOJIAZHUYI”HUIGUI,QUANLIZHENGZHIJINYIBUTAITOU,DUOBIANZHUYISHITOUSHOUCUO,GUOJIZUZHIZUOYONGXIAJIANG,DAGUOZHANLVEGUANXIBIANHUASHIZHONGGUOHEPINGFAZHANSUOMIANLINDEWAIBUHUANJINGGENGWEIFUZA。DANGQIAN,GUOJITIXIJICHUZHENGZAIFASHENGBIANHUA,GUOJIZHIXUMIANLINDIAOZHENG,KEYISHUOSHIYIGECHONGMANMAODUN、JINGZHENGBINGJIAKUAIZHONGZUDESHIQI。DANWOMENYAOKANDAO,SHIJIEDUOJIHUA、JINGJIQUANQIUHUAYIJIUSHENRUFAZHAN,WENHUADUOYANGHUA、SHEHUIXINXIHUARENGZAICHIXUTUIJIN,GUOJISHEHUIRIYICHENGWEINIZHONGYOUWO、WOZHONGYOUNIDEMINGYUNGONGTONGTI。

DANGQIAN,MEIGUOZHENGFUDESUOZUOSUOWEISHISHITUYUZHONGGUOJINXING“ZHANLVETUOGOU”,JINQIZAIJINGMAO、JINRONG、ZHENGZHI、WAIJIAO、KEJI、JIAOYU(BAOKUOLIUXUE)DENGFANGMIANSUOCAIQUDEYIXILIEFANHUAEHUADAYACUOSHIDOUSHIZHEIZHONG“TUOGOUZHENGCE”DEJUTITIXIAN。DANZHONGMEIZHIJIANNENGFOU“ZHANLVETUOGOU”?ZHEIZHONG“TUOGOUZHENGCE”NENGFOUWANQUANSHISHI?“TUOGOU”NENGGOUZOUDUOYUAN?ZHEIXIEBINGBUWANQUANQUJUEYUMEIGUOZHENGFUDANFANGMIANZHUGUANYUANWANG,HAIHUISHOUDAOSHIJIEFAZHANDEZHENGTIQUSHI,MEIGUOGUONEIZHENGZHI、JINGJI、KEJI、JIAOYU、WENHUADENGFANGMIANDEFAZHANXUQIU,YIJIZHONGGUOZISHENFAZHANTAISHIDENGYINSUDEZHIYUE,ZUIZHONGBIJIANGANZHAOLISHIFAZHANDEZISHENGUILV,HUIDAOGEGUOJIANGUANXIZHENGCHANGHUADEGUIDAOSHANG。

QUANQIUHUASHIYIGELISHIJINCHENG,ZHEIYIJINCHENGCONG18SHIJIMOKAISHI,JINGLILESANCIGONGYEGEMING,ZHIJINYIYOU200DUONIAN。BANSUIZHERENGONGZHINENG、QINGJIENENGYUAN、WULIANWANG、JIQIRENJISHU、LIANGZIXINXIJISHU、XUNIXIANSHIJISHENGWUJISHUDENGQUANXINJISHUDECHUXIAN,DISICIGONGYEGEMINGZHENGZAIDAOLAI,JINGJIQUANQIUHUAQUSHIJINYIBUJIAQIANG。2019NIAN11YUE5RI,XIJINPINGZHUXICHUXIDIERJIEZHONGGUOGUOJIJINKOUBOLANHUIKAIMUSHIBINGFABIAOZHUZHIYANJIANGSHIZHICHU,ZHANGJIANG、NILUOHE、YAMASUNHE、DUONAOHEZHOUYEBUXI、BENTENGXIANGQIAN,JINGUANHUICHUXIANYIXIEHUITOULANG,JINGUANHUIYUDAOHENDUOXIANTANANJIAO,DANDAJIANGDAHEBENTENGXIANGQIANDESHITOUSHISHEIYEZUDANGBULEDE。ZHEIJINYIBUSHENKEJIESHILEJINGJIQUANQIUHUABUKENIZHUAN,QUANQIUHUADELISHIJINCHENGBINGMEIYOUJIESHU。 

美国等西方发达国家不断调整留学政策,是否会对我国教育对外开放政策造成影响?

JINQI,MEIGUOBUDUANDIAOZHENGLIUXUEZHENGCE,YINFASHEHUIGUANZHUHEYULUNHUARAN。RANER,MEIGUOJIAOYUJIEZHONGSHIZHENGCHANGWENHUAJIAOYUJIAOLIUDELILIANGQIDAOLEJIJIZUOYONG,JINHOUHAIJIANGJIXUFAHUIJUDAZUOYONG。ZHEIYEFANYINGCHUMEIGUOGUONEIZHIZHENGDANGYUZAIYEDANG、ZHENGFUYUSHEHUI、ZHENGKEYUMINZHONGDENGDUILIUXUEZHENGCEDEKANFAHELICHANGBINGBUYIZHI,YOUDUOGULILIANGZAIYUMEIGUOZHENGFUNICHAOLIUDEZHENGCEJINXINGBOYI。MEIGUOSHITUJIANGJIAOYUZHENGZHIHUA,ZUIZHONGSHOUDAOSUNHAIDEHAISHIMEIGUOZIJI,SHIJIESHANGYIXIEYOUXIUDESHENGYUANHERENCAIJIANGZHUANYIHUOLIUSHIDAOQITAGUOJIA。

YIQINGBEIJINGXIA,GUOJIXINGSHIFASHENGLEBIANHUA,DANHEPINGYUFAZHANDEZHUTIMEIYOUBIAN;YIMEIGUOWEISHOUDEBUFENXIFANGFADAGUOJIADUIWAIZHANLVEFASHENGBIANHUA,DANQUANQIUHUAQUSHIMEIYOUBIAN;YIMEIGUOWEISHOUDEBUFENXIFANGFADAGUOJIALIUXUEZHENGCEFASHENGBIANHUA,DANWOGUOJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGZHENGCEMEIYOUBIAN。ZAIDANGQIANHEJINHOUXIANGDANGZHANGYIGESHIQINEI,WOGUOCHUZAISHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUANDEJIBENGUOQINGMEIYOUBIAN,WOGUOYOUSHIJIEJIAOYU“ZHUIGANZHE”XIANG“BINGPAOZHE”FAZHANDEGUOCHENGTEZHENGMEIYOUBIAN,WOGUOTUIJINJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGDEJIBENCHUFADIANMEIYOUBIAN,WOGUOJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGDEZHENGCEYEMEIYOUBIAN。MIANDUISHIJIEBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJU,ZHONGGUOZHIYAOJIZHONGJINGLIZUOHAOZIJIDESHI,BAOCHIGAIGEKAIFANGDEDINGLI,FAHUIZHONGGUO“SHIJIEZUIDAXIAOFEISHICHANG、ZUIDALIUXUESHICHANG、ZUIDARENCAISHICHANG”DEQIANLI,TIANJIUBUHUITAXIALAI。 

针对当前部分西方发达国家留学政策的突变,我们应该如何应对?

pk彩票LIUXUESHIYELILAIYUGUOJIAHEMINZUDEMINGYUNJINMIXIANGLIAN。GAIGEKAIFANG40DUONIANLAI,WOGUOLIUXUESHIYEQUDELELINGRENZHUMUDECHENGJI,WEISHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。ZAIXINSHIQI,WOMENYAOJINYIBUJIANCHITONGCHOUMOUHUA,TUCHUGONGZUOZHONGDIAN,GENGHAOFAHUIZUOYONG,TISHENGLIUXUEGONGZUOSHUIPING。

ZAIHONGGUANCENGMIAN,YAOJIANCHIJIAKUAIHEKUODAJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANG。ZHONGGONGSHIBADAYILAI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDUIJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGZUOCHUYIXILIEZHONGYAOZHISHIPISHI。2014NIAN12YUE13RI,XIJINPINGDUIQUANGUOLIUXUEGONGZUOHUIYIZUOCHUZHONGYAOZHISHIQIANGDIAO,LIUXUEGONGZUOYAOSHIYINGGUOJIAFAZHANDASHIHEDANGHEGUOJIAGONGZUODAJU,TONGCHOUMOUHUACHUGUOLIUXUEHELAIHUALIUXUE,ZONGHEYUNYONGGUOJIGUONEILIANGZHONGZIYUAN,PEIYANGZAOJIUGENGDUOYOUXIURENCAI,NULIKAICHUANGLIUXUEGONGZUOXINJUMIAN。2019NIAN3YUE20RI,XIJINPINGZAIRENMINDAHUITANGHUIJIANMEIGUOHAFODAXUEXIAOZHANGBAKESHIZHICHU,JIAOYUJIAOLIUHEZUOSHIZHONGMEIGUANXIDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,YOUZHUYUZENGJINZHONGMEIYOUHAODEMINYIJICHU。WOMENZHUZHANGHUXUEHUJIAN,GULILIUXUE,ZHICHIZHONGWAIJIAOYUJIAOLIUHEZUO,XIWANGZHONGMEIRENWENJIAOLIUQUDEGENGDUOJIJICHENGGUO。ZHEIXIEZHONGYAOLUNSHUSHIZUOHAOYIQINGBEIJINGXIALIUXUEGONGZUODEZHIDAOSIXIANGHEGENBENZUNXUN,SHITONGCHOUMOUHUAJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGGONGZUODEZHANLVESILU。

pk彩票ZAIXINDELISHISHIQI,WOMENYAOJIXUTUIJINJIAOYULINGYUYOUXUKAIFANG,JIEJIANGUOJISHANGXIANJINDEJIAOYULINIANHEJIAOYUJINGYAN,CUJINWOGUOJIAOYUGAIGEYUFAZHAN,TISHENGWOGUOJIAOYUDEGUOJIDIWEI、JINGZHENGLIHEYINGXIANGLI。ZAISHENHUASHUANGBIANDUOBIANJIAOYUHEZUOGUOCHENGZHONGJIJICANYUQUANQIUJIAOYUZHILI。WANSHANJIAOYUGUOJIJIAOLIUHEZUOGEJU,JIAQIANGYUDAGUO、ZHOUBIANGUOJIA、FAZHANZHONGGUOJIAJIGUOJIZUZHIDEWUSHIHEZUO,XINGCHENGHEZUOGONGYINGDEJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGJUMIAN。

ZAIZHONGGUANCENGMIAN,YAOGUANCHELUOSHI《JIAOYUBUDENGBABUMENGUANYUJIAKUAIHEKUODAXINSHIDAIJIAOYUDUIWAIKAIFANGDEYIJIAN》。XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGJIHAIWAILIUXUERENYUANDEJIANKANGHEANQUANDAILAITIAOZHAN,XIANGGUANBUMENYINGGUANCHELUOSHI《YIJIAN》,LUOSHIDANGHEGUOJIADUIHAIWAILIUXUERENYUANDEGUANXINGUANAI,NULIKEFUYIQINGYINGXIANG,WEIHUGUANGDALIUXUERENYUANDEQIESHENLIYIHEHEFAQUANYI。YAOJIXUTONGGUOCHUGUOLIUXUEQUDAOPEIYANGWOGUOXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEXUYAODEGELEIRENCAI,JIJIKAITUOYOUZHIJIAOYUZIYUANHEZUOQUDAO,TUOZHANCHUGUOLIUXUEKONGJIAN。TONGSHI,XIADALIQIWANSHAN“PINGANLIUXUE”JIZHI,JIANGYINGDUIYIQINGGUOCHENGZHONGMOSUOCHUDEYOUXIAOZUOFAJINYIBUZHIDUHUA、CHANGTAIHUA,WEIGUANGDAXUEZISHIXIANLIUXUEMENGTIGONGYOULIBAOZHANG。

pk彩票ZAIWEIGUANCENGMIAN,YAOJIJITANSUOTUIJIN“ZHUANXUE”“CHABAN”“XUEFENHUREN”“JIEDU”DENGXINGSHI,TUOZHANCHUGUOLIUXUEKONGJIAN。YINGJINKUAIDIAOZHENGHUOCHUTAIGUANYUWEIWANCHENGXUEYEDEBENKEJIEDUANLIUXUESHENGHUIGUOJINRUPUTONGGAOXIAOXUEXIDEXIANGGUANZHENGCE。YIQINGDUICHUGUOLIUXUEDEYINGXIANGSHIZANSHIDE,BUSHIYONGJIUDE。JINGGUOGEFANGNULI,DANGQIANLIUXUERENYUANMIANLINDEKUNJINGZHONGJIUSHIHUIDUGUODE。DUICIWOMENYAOYOUZUGOUDEXINXIN。

MEIGUODENGXIFANGFADAGUOJIASHOUJINLIUXUEZHENGCE,JILIUXUESHENGJIQIJIAZHANGDAILAIHENDAKUNHUOHEDANYOU,HENDUOLIUXUERENYUANYINYIQINGYINGXIANGWUFAANSHIWANCHENGZAIGUOWAIYUANXIAODEXUEXIRENWU,DUICININYOUHEJIANYI?

pk彩票XUYAOLIZUZHONGGUOJIAOYUZHUANXINGSHENGJI,ZHEYANZHANGYUAN,WEILIU、HUI、QUTIGONGZHIDUGONGJI。DUICI,WODEJIANYISHI:

pk彩票DIYI,JIANYIXIANGGUANBUMENZAIZUOCHUJUTIJUECEQIAN,XIANDUINIHUIGUODELIUXUESHENGJIQIJIAZHANGZUOSHENRUDIAOYAN,QUANMIAN、ZHUNQUEDILEJIEQISHIJIXUQIU。YOUXUEZHEJIANYI,YIFANGMIAN,WOZHUWAISHILINGGUANYINGJISHIHUIZONGHAIWAIGAOXIAOGUANYURUXUEZHENGCE、SHOUKEFANGSHIDENGZUIXINXINXIBINGFANKUIZHIGUONEI,BIANYULIUXUESHENGJIQIJIAZHANGKUAISULEJIEXIANGGUANQINGKUANG,JIANSHAOTAMENDEJIAOLV;LINGYIFANGMIAN,YOUGUANBUMENYINGXIEDIAOJIEJUEHAIWAIGAOXIAOYOUYUGEZHONGYUANYINQUXIAOLIUXUESHENGRUXUEZIGEDENGWENTI。

DIER,JIANYIXIANGGUANBUMENGENJUFENLEIFENCENG、YINRENSHICEDEYUANZE,DUIYUANYIHUIGUOJIXUXUEXIDELIUXUESHENG,GENJUQIZISHENBUTONGQINGKUANGCAIQUBUTONGDEZHENGCECUOSHI。YIJULIUXUESHENGJIUDUGUOWAIGAOXIAODEZONGHEPAIMING、SUOXUEZHUANYEYIJIZISHENDEXUEYECHENGJIHEZONGHESUZHIDENG,DUIYANJIUSHENGCENGCIHEBENKESHENGCENGCIDELIUXUESHENG,JINGGUOYIDINGXINGSHIDEKAOSHIKAOHE,FENBIEZHUANXUE/CHABANDAOXIANGYINGXUEXIAOJIXUXUEXI;DUIYUYUANXIANZAISHEQUDAXUE、YIBANZHUANKEYUANXIAOXUEXIDELIUXUESHENG,TIGONGHESHIXUANZEFANGAN,JINGKAOHEHOUJINRUGUONEIXIANGYINGCENGCIHEZHUANYEDEGAOZHIYUANXIAOXUEXI。KAOHEGUOCHENGZHONG,XIANGGUANBUMENYINGQUANCHENG、QUANMIAN、TOUMINGJIANGUAN,QUEBAOGONGKAI、GONGPING、GONGZHENG,BUYINGXIANGHESUNHAIJIAOYUGONGPING,TONGCHOUJIANGUGEFANGLIYI。

DISAN,JIANYIXIANGGUANBUMENDUIYUXIWANGJIXULIUZAIGUOWAIDANYINYIQINGWUFAJINXINGXIANXIAHUOXIANSHANGXUEXIDELIUXUESHENG,JIYUXIANGYINGBIANLI,TIGONGHELIFANGAN,XIEZHUQILIANXIGUONEIXUEXIAODUIYINGDEXUEKEZHUANYE,BANGZHUTAMENJIXUWANCHENGXUEXIRENWU。CIWAI,HAIKEKAOLVCAIQULINSHIXINGJIEDUCUOSHI,YUNXUZHEIXIELIUXUESHENGYIJIAOHUANSHENGSHENFENZAIGUONEIGAOXIAOXUEXI,DAIYIQINGJIESHUHOU,ZAIYOULIUXUESHENGCIQIANJIUDUDEGUOWAIGAOXIAORENDINGQIGUIGUOJIAOLIUXUEXIQIJIANDEXUEFEN,BINGZUIZHONGSHOUYUXUEWEI。

DISI,JIANYIXIANGGUANBUMENJINKUAIDIAOZHENGGUANYUZHUANXUE、CHABAN、MIANSHIRUXUEJIXUEWEISHOUYUDENGZHENGCECUOSHI。RUSHEJIGENGGAOFALVCENGMIAN,KETIQINGQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUISHOUQUANGUOWUYUANXUANZEBUFENSHIDIANCHENGSHI,ZANSHIDIAOZHENGSHISHIYOUGUANFALVGUIDING。YEKEZAIJINHOUXIUGAI《JIAOYUFA》《GAODENGJIAOYUFA》《XUEWEIFA》(YUAN《XUEWEITIAOLI》)DENGFALVSHI,YIBINGYUYIDIAOZHENG。

pk彩票ZONGZHI,WOMENYAOTONGCHOUGUIHUAWEILAI,JIEJIEJUEYIQINGSUODAILAIXINWENTIDEQIJI,JINKUAIDIAOZHENGXIANGYINGZHENGCE,WANSHANXIANGYINGFALVFAGUI,JIANLIGENGJIAYOULIYUQUANMIANDUIWAIKAIFANG,YOULIYUPEIYANG、ZAOJIUGELEIGAOCENGCIRENCAI,YUGUOJIJIEGUIDEZHIDU。(WEN|BENKANJIZHE LIUXIAOLEI CAOZHE )(ZHU:ZHOUHONGYU2000NIAN-2001NIANCENGZAIMEIGUOGELUNBIYADAXUEJIAOYUXUEYUANZUOGAOJIFANGWENXUEZHE)

pk彩票LAIYUAN|SHENZHOUXUEREN(2020NIANDI8QI)

0 0 0 0
分享到:

相关阅读

最新发布
热门标签
点击排行
热点推荐

pk彩票GONGXINBUBEIANHAO:JINGICPBEI05071141HAO

HULIANWANGXINWENXINXIFUWUXUKEZHENG 10120170024

pk彩票ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXINWENWANGBANQUANSUOYOU,WEIJINGSHUMIANSHOUQUANJINZHIXIAZAISHIYONG

Copyright@2000-2019 ksdlbkq.cn All Rights Reserved.

极速11选5开奖 凯撒娱乐网址 极速时时彩开奖结果历史纪录 北京pk10技巧软件 河南江苏快三 北京pk10助彩软件 北京快乐 快3助手下载大彩鲸